The track cycling is a sport derived from the cycling road. In the competition, are held 5 evidence, both in the male as in the female. And in the olympics, 30 medals are played.
Cyclists compete in a track oval of wood, with 250m of extension in search of the best time.
Bicycles do not have brake, as it may hinder in the speed.
She has a great aerodynamics. You can observe this by looking at the wheels, for example, that are already well different a bike speed or mountain bike.
The pawn of the wheel is fixed, which allows it to continue spinning for a long time after you stop pedaling. The tires are glued on to the wheel because of the pressure, which commands very fast.
The disputes are held in a velodrome with a 250m track. And are divided into five modes of evidence: Sprint, Pursuit, Individual, Pursuit Team, Keirin and Omnium
This aspect of cycling is present at the olympics. It has ten types of disputes different, with varying sizes of track and the number of cyclists:
- 200 meters – 20 cyclists;
- 250 metres – 24 cyclists;
- 333 metres – 36 cyclists.
The track cycling was present at the olympics since its first edition in 1896, except for women, who only had access to the track in 1988.
In Brazil, the velodrome was inaugurated in 1895, and the first official competition the brazilian had 30 athletes. Currently, however, is not a mode so popular in the country.
Modalities of evidence
In the Sprint, the cyclists need to apply all the strength to overcome opponents. It is a proof that requires a lot of effort, and this is the proof the faster that happens in the velodrome.
Two riders cover three laps of qualifying, but only the last one is timed. For this reason, the first two are usually slow, this way save more energy. In this time, they study each other and discuss the best way to proceed.
When they come in last, they apply all the energy, the speed can reach up to 70 km/h. the winner is who crosses the finish line first.
Persecution, Individual and by Team
The persecution of the individual and by team are practiced during the execution of this test.
Persecution of the individual: In positions opposite of the velodrome, a rider of each team are placed to drop. The aim is to achieve who is in the front, front. The first to overcome the opponent would win. Otherwise, the winner will be those who will hold the race route in less time.
The distance for men is 4 km, which amounts to about 16 laps, for women, is about 3 km which amounts to about 12 laps.
Persecution on the Team: Follows the same premise of the individual. The difference, is that it will be four riders from each team positioned in opposite sides of the velodrome, and the fastest wins.
As well as in the individual, they need to try to reach the opposing team. Where the athletes of the team turns their placements with great technique and precision.
Changes of positions are made to take the effort on the resistance of air, so the athletes conserve more energy. This action improves and enhances the performance of all. After the end of the first lap, the rider that is pulling, and positioning it in the last queue, and gives place to the second, which happens to control the pace. This movement happens repeatedly, until the end of the race.
The kerin is considered the most dangerous of the velodrome, because the worst accidents of the competition take place in it.
In that test, an electric bicycle can be used to pull the peloton, where 6 cyclists in each team’s ride back to it. The speed of the athletes is controlled by the pilot, being that men arrive at up to 30km/h and women to 25km/h.
At the age of 4 laps and a half, the dispute is stronger. The competitors can reach a speed that varies between 45km/h to 50km/h in the last 600 metres. The winner is whoever gets there first.
The Omnium is the biggest challenge for individual cyclists to the velodrome. It is divided into 6 steps, which are disputes during 2 days. According to participation, the athletes earn points at each step. Wins who collect more points.
Flying Lap: Each cyclist to complete 1 lap of 250m alone, with measured time. Those who make the journey in less time wins.
Points race: The points happen every 10 turns, and are well played in the sprints. The cyclist get points if you are able to give back in the peloton, and are 30km for men and 20km for women.
Elimination: As the name suggests, is a qualification round. Who is the last to pass the finish line every two laps go out of the competition. And those who stay until the end wins.
Double pursuit: Two riders compete over who is faster by dropping from opposite sides of the velodrome. The route has 16 laps/4km at the men and 12 laps/3km in the female.
Scratch: The field is wide together and the winner is whoever gets there first. Are 16km for men and 10km for women.
The time is timed, and the athlete that makes the best time wins. The course is for men and 500m for women.
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