Modalities of Cycling

To begin the arrangements for cycling it is necessary to first give a back in the history of cycling.

Modalities of Cycling

Drawn at the end of the NINETEENTH century, more or less from 1890. All of this due to the fact of the bicycles begin to be developed at the industrial levels (due to the recent industrial revolution), or more quickly.

Due to these advances, began to be possible to achieve higher speeds with less effort on the bike, as well as being lighter and less expensive.

Modalities of cycling

From that time, cycling was part of the Olympic Games since the first edition of the modern era (1896), held in Athens.

The cycling competitions are divided into three main forms: track, mountain bike and road. There is also a BMX that is more radical maneuvers, and the triathlon the composition of which is swimming, running and cycling.

If you are interested by this light the prologue of the history of the bike, just you click here to take a look at another text telling the story of the bicycle, as well as its evolution.

Road cycling

The modality most traditional and known in the world, it may be the road cycling. This is due to the Tour de France, or the tour de France, after all the first official competitions of this sport took place in Paris, at the end of the century XIX.

Competition is the most publicized and anticipated cycling in the world. This competition occurs every year in the month of July, bringing a journey of 3,000 miles for the cyclists pass through.

It is regulated by the Union Cycle International (UCI), and is played in two modes and they are:

  • Road-tested:

In this model of competition the competitors out of the start all together and win the one that complete the course first, or, a race. For men, this proof is often, and mean to have the trip of 195 km, and already the women this average is then reduced to 70 km. These championships are evidence of long-distance, which can be done in the same day, or with stops, as is the case of Large Spins. The results of these tests are given in two ways: individually and by the team (the second being the group called the pack).

  • An individual test against the clock:

. The first official competitions of this sport took place in Paris, at the end of the century XIX. In the race against the clock, the riders depart from the ramp with the starting of the moments in the moments between each other on a circuit flagged. In this case the winner is who completes the route in total, which is divided into approximately 40 km for men and 20 km for women, in the shortest time. Hence the name “against the clock”.

The bike used in this type of competition are the well-known speeds or the famous magrelas. They are much thinner and lighter than ordinary bicycles, bicycles, as well as its aerodynamic is made to gain progressive speed and stability.

Mountain Bike

Mountain biking is a activity indicated for those who have an adventurous spirit, in good Portuguese as the mountain biking and appeared in the decade of 60 in the United States. These are competitions held in open locations, with dirt tracks quite bumpy and holes, both uphill and downhill. This sport has four major types and they are:

  • Cross Country:

    It is usually performed in a circuit of the trail closed, and may also have some parts of the road carroçal and/or even small portions of asphalt. Throughout the race, cyclists can receive support, provided that they are in predetermined locations by the organization.

The winner is the first to cross the finish line after a few laps, pre-established.

  • Downhill or “DH”:

In Portuguese “descent from the hill”, the route carried out by the athlete is descent with a few straight lines with the terrain very uneven, being it natural (nature) or artificial (cities), both containing many points of jumps, and large steps on the cyclist to let gravity act to conquer them.

Similar to the competition against the time, each cyclist goes down from time to time, each with its own time and the winner is the one who complete the course in the shortest time.

  • Trip Trail

As the name already tells you: Gut Trail, which in Portuguese means journey on the trail which consists of a method of the long run offering a point of start and a finish, this point may or may not be the same exit point.

If the point of arrival is the same output, the athlete then will only give a back.

If the route is too long, you can assign the name “marathon” the evidence is there, including marathons, with 2 to 3 days duration.

The bikes of the methods mentioned above require the use of bicycle-resistant and reinforced, full suspension improved, hydraulic disc brakes and wider tires, as this is crucial for athletes to maintain stability in rough terrain.

  • Trial

This type of mountain biking consists of several obstacles to be overcome by jumping with the bike. These obstacles are diverse, such as: cars, rocks, stairs, logs, and walls up to the streams and pools.

The scoring system works in the following way: Each athlete starts with a certain score and will lose points gradually as they touch the feet or any part of the body on the floor.

The bike used in this type of modality is: bikes with small frames and reinforced, hydraulic brakes, flat tyres (especially the rear) and tubeless noting that those tires are made of rubber soft and a protector of crowns.

Track cycling

This type of cycling is well known to have several spotlights in the olympics.

As the name already tells, the competitions are held in velódromos, or official tracks in formats oval with turns banked at 36 to 45 degrees, as well as an extension from 180 to 500 meters.

All of this in vista with the rules of the UCI and its modalities are 5 main :

  • Persecution of an individual or by teams.

Are held taken of the time until leaving the 1st, 2nd,3rd and 4th best times will compete for the gold and silver the 2 best times and a third place the last 2 best times.

In the dispute of the best cyclists depart in opposite directions, and the winner is who has the best time or reaching to the back of the opponent. For men the dispute occurs with 4 km while for women it is 3 km.

Already the chase for the teams is the same thing as the individual, differentiating only involved male athletes in quartets.

  • Proof for points

This type of cycling is individual where they are 40km of piste for men with 16 laps and 25km for the women with 10 laps.

The score is assigned five points to first place, three to second, two to third and one to fourth.

If some athlete to take a whole turn on the field he gets 20 points while the lose the back negativam 20.

  • Madison

Practiced only by dual men on tracks of 250 metres this type of biking is performed on a length of 50 km with 18 teams where it turns with a touch of the hands every 3 or 4 turns where the rest is in the upper part of the track while the runner is in the lower part.

Every twenty laps are carried out scores of the same proof system for points, and if a team will win laps compared to other teams, already has the victory certain.

Conclusion

The cycling is already considered a sport due to the competitions and it is worth mentioning that the bike is also a means of transport for many people in various nationalities, mainly in the cities, more calm.

 

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